There are two main views on this subject, whether the angels where interbreeding with the human race or whether these were people who where rebellious bullies and tyrants, and great in their sins. We will explore the texts in question and leave it to the reader as to which to accept.
It is the following verses that have sparked the controversy,
Genesis 6:1-8 "And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown."
Messenger type angels are almost always described as looking like men, so why would it be hard to imagine that they might be attracted to women?
Numbers 13:32-33 "And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature4060. And there we saw the giants5303, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants5303: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight."
Job 4:18 "Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his angels he charged with folly8417:"
Jude 1:6-8 "And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities."
2 Peter 2:4-10 " For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds;) The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:... But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness [strange flesh], and despise [Gods] government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities."
The Antiquities Of The Jews Book I Chapter III "For many angels of God accompanied with women, and begat sons that proved unjust, and despisers of all that was good, on account of the confidence they had in their own strength; for the tradition is, that these men did what resembled the acts of those whom the Grecians call giants. But Noah was very uneasy at what they did; and being displeased at their conduct, persuaded them to change their dispositions and their acts for the better: but seeing they did not yield to him, but were slaves to their wicked pleasures, he was afraid they would kill him, together with his wife and children, and those they had married; so he departed out of that land."
The Book of Enoch ("Ethiopian Enoch" or "1 Enoch") Chapter 6 "And it came to pass when the children of men had multiplied that in those days were born unto 2 them beautiful and comely daughters. And the angels, the children of the heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: 'Come, let us choose us wives from among the children of men and beget us children.' And Semjaza, who was their leader, said unto them: 'I fear ye will not indeed agree to do this deed, and I alone shall have to pay the penalty of a great sin.' And they all answered him and said: 'Let us all swear an oath, and all bind ourselves by mutual imprecations not to abandon this plan but to do this thing.' Then sware they all together and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it. And they were in all two hundred; who descended in the days of Jared on the summit of Mount Hermon, and they called it Mount Hermon, because they had sworn and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it. And these are the names of their leaders: Samlazaz, their leader, Araklba, Rameel, Kokablel, Tamlel, Ramlel, Danel, Ezeqeel, Baraqijal, Asael, Armaros, Batarel, Ananel, Zaqiel, Samsapeel, Satarel, Turel, Jomjael, Sariel. These are their chiefs of tens."
The Book of Enoch ("Ethiopian Enoch" or "1 Enoch") Chapter 7 "And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go in unto them and to defile themselves with them, and they taught them charms and enchantments, and the cutting of roots, and made them acquainted with plants. And they became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose height was three thousand ells: Who consumed all the acquisitions of men. And when men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against them and devoured mankind. And they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and fish, and to devour one another's flesh, and drink the blood. Then the earth laid accusation against the lawless ones."
The Book of Enoch ("Ethiopian Enoch" or "1 Enoch") Chapter 86 "And again I saw with mine eyes as I slept, and I saw the heaven above, and behold a star fell from heaven, and it arose and eat and pastured amongst those oxen. And after that I saw the large and the black oxen, and behold they all changed their stalls and pastures and their cattle, and began to live with each other. And again I saw in the vision, and looked towards the heaven, and behold I saw many stars descend and cast themselves down from heaven to that first star, and they became bulls amongst those cattle and pastured with them [amongst them]. And I looked at them and saw, and behold they all let out their privy members, like horses, and began to cover the cows of the oxen, and they all became pregnant and bare elephants, camels, and asses. And all the oxen feared them and were affrighted at them, and began to bite with their teeth and to devour, and to gore with their horns. And they began, moreover, to devour those oxen; and behold all the children of the earth began to tremble and quake before them and to flee from them."
The Book of Enoch ("Ethiopian Enoch" or "1 Enoch") Chapter 106 "And after some days my son Methuselah took a wife for his son Lamech, and she became pregnant by him and bore a son. And his body was white as snow and red as the blooming of a rose, and the hair of his head and his long locks were white as wool, and his eyes beautiful. And when he opened his eyes, he lighted up the whole house like the sun, and the whole house was very bright. And thereupon he arose in the hands of the midwife, opened his mouth, and conversed with the Lord of righteousness. And his father Lamech was afraid of him and fled, and came to his father Methuselah. And he said unto him: ' I have begotten a strange son, diverse from and unlike man, and resembling the sons of the God of heaven; and his nature is different and he is not like us, and his eyes are as the rays of the sun, and his countenance is glorious. And it seems to me that he is not sprung from me but from the angels, and I fear that in his days a wonder may be wrought on the earth. And now, my father, I am here to petition thee and implore thee that thou mayest go to Enoch, our father, and learn from him the truth, for his dwelling-place is amongst the angels.' And when Methuselah heard the words of his son, he came to me to the ends of the earth; for he had heard that 1 was there, and he cried aloud, and I heard his voice and I came to him. And 1 said unto him: ' Behold, here am I, my son, wherefore hast thou come to me ? ' And he answered and said: ' Because of a great cause of anxiety have I come to thee, and because of a disturbing vision have I approached. And now, my father, hear me: unto Lamech my son there hath been born a son, the like of whom there is none, and his nature is not like man's nature, and the colour of his body is whiter than snow and redder than the bloom of a rose, and the hair of his head is whiter than white wool, and his eyes are like the rays of the sun, and he opened his eyes and thereupon lighted up the whole house. And he arose in the hands of the midwife, and opened his mouth and blessed the Lord of heaven. And his father Lamech became afraid and fled to me, and did not believe that he was sprung from him, but that he was in the likeness of the angels of heaven; and behold I have come to thee that thou mayest make known to me the truth.' And I, Enoch, answered and said unto him: 'The Lord will do a new thing on the earth, and this I have already seen in a vision, and make known to thee that in the generation of my father Jared some of the angels of heaven transgressed the word of the Lord. And behold they commit sin and transgress the law, and have united themselves with women and commit sin with them, and have married some of them, and have begot children by them. And they shall produce on the earth giants not according to the spirit, but according to the flesh, and there shall be a great punishment on the earth, and the earth shall be cleansed from all impurity. Yea, there shall come a great destruction over the whole earth, and there shall be a deluge and a great destruction for one year. And this son who has been born unto you shall be left on the earth, and his three children shall be saved with him: when all mankind that are on the earth shall die [he and his sons shall be saved]. And now make known to thy son Lamech that he who has been born is in truth his son, and call his name Noah; for he shall be left to you, and he and his sons shall be saved from the destruction, which shall come upon the earth on account of all the sin and all the unrighteousness, which shall be consummated on the earth in his days. And after that there shall be still more unrighteousness than that which was first consummated on the earth; for I know the mysteries of the holy ones; for He, the Lord, has showed me and informed me, and I have read (them) in the heavenly tablets."
2 Enoch ("Slavonic Apocalypse") Chapter 18 "3And they said to me: These are the Grigori, who with their prince Satanail rejected the Lord of light, and after them are those who are held in great darkness on the second heaven, and three of them went down on to earth from the Lords throne, to the place Ermon, and broke through their vows on the shoulder of the hill Ermon and saw the daughters of men how good they are, and took to themselves wives, and befouled the earth with their deeds, who in all times of their age made lawlessness and mixing, and giants are born and marvellous big men and great enmity. 4And therefore God judged them with great judgment, and they weep for their brethren and they will be punished on the Lords great day."
2 Baruch 56:10-15 "For he became a danger to his own soul: even to the angels For, moreover, at that time when he was created, they enjoyed liberty. And became he a danger some of them descended, and mingled with the women. And then those who did so were tormented in chains. But the rest of the multitude of the angels, of which there is (no) number, restrained themselves. And those who dwelt on the earth perished together (with them) through the waters of the deluge."
The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (Reuben) 5:1-7 "For evil are women, my children; and since they have no power or strength over man, they use wiles by outward attractions, that they may draw him to themselves. And whom they cannot bewitch by outward attractions, him they overcome by craft. For moreover, concerning them, the angel of the Lord told me, and taught me, that women are overcome by the spirit of fornication more than men, and in their heart they plot against men; and by means of their adornment they deceive first their minds, and by the glance of the eye instill the poison, and then through the accomplished act they take them captive. For a woman cannot force a man openly, but by a harlot's bearing she beguiles him. Flee, therefore, fornication, my children, and command your wives and your daughters, that they adorn not their heads and faces to deceive the mind: because every woman who uses these wiles hath been reserved for eternal punishment. For thus they allured the Watchers who were before the flood; for as these continually beheld them, they lusted after them, and they conceived the act in their mind; for they changed themselves into the shape of men, and appeared to them when they were with their husbands. And the women lusting in their minds after their forms, gave birth to giants, for the Watchers appeared to them as reaching even unto heaven."
The Book of Jubilees 4:22 "And he testified to the Watchers, who had sinned with the daughters of men; for these had begun to unite themselves, so as to be defiled, with the daughters of men, and Enoch testified against (them) all."
The Book of Jubilees 5:1 “And it came to pass when the children of men began to multiply on the face of the earth and daughters were born unto them, that the angels of God saw them on a certain year of this jubilee, that they were beautiful to look upon; and they took themselves wives of all whom they chose, and they bare unto them sons and they were giants.”
And what where the sins of Sodom and Gomorrha? Sexual sins!
What does it mean by giants?
But if you read the verse it really does not fit "and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight." it is clearly speaking of height and size as it says in the verse above it "men of a great stature4060". It would be a great stretch to make bully fit the sentence.
According to Strongs 5303From H5307; properly, a feller, that is, a bully or tyrant: - giant.
4060Feminine of H4055; properly extension, that is, height or breadth; also a measure (including its standard); hence a portion (as measured) or a vestment; specifically tribute (as measured): - garment, measure (-ing, meteyard, piece, size, (great) stature, tribute, wide.
What does it mean by folly?
8417Feminine of an unused noun (apparently from H1984) meaning bluster; braggadocio, that is, (by implication) fatuity: - folly.
H1984A primitive root; to be clear (originally of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show; to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively to celebrate; also to stultify: - (make) boast (self), celebrate, commend, (deal, make), fool (-ish, -ly), glory, give [light], be (make, feign self) mad (against), give in marriage, [sing, be worthy of] praise, rage, renowned, shine.
Are only angels considered the "sons of God" or is mankind also?
Here are two scriptures that speak of angels as being "sons of God";
Job 1:6 "Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them."
Job 38:7 "When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?"
The angels having been created by God are rightly called the sons of God as was Adam, the first man having been created by God.
Luke 3:38 "Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God."
Are any others called the "sons of God"?
Hosea 1:10 "Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall (NOT YET) be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God."
Romans 8:19 "For the earnest expectation of the creature waits (WAITING FOR THE TRANSFORMATION) for the manifestation of the sons of God."
2 Corinthians 6:18 "And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty."
Galatians 4:5-6 "To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons (MIGHT BECOME SONS). And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father."
Speaking here of the future, notice the words waiteth, will be, shall
be, and might receive, to happen after Christ's return when his
begotten will be transformed.
The following scriptures are taken out of context and normally used to prove one can be called the "sons of God" prior to the Lords return.
Romans 8:14 "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God."
What they have failed to disclose is the following verses,
Romans 7:14-23 "For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me... For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: ... But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members."
Romans 8:18-23 "For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God... And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body."
Until we are transformed at Christ's return our carnal is in a constant
battle with our spiritual, thus preventing us from becoming true spirit lead
sons of God until our transformation is complete.
Paul explained that, through the sacrifice of Jesus, and the grace of God, all men can, [future tense] become the "sons of God" through "adoption".
Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees From "The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament" state that angels were the Sons of God, this was also the view of Josephus and of Philo.
Angels physically capable?
Hebrews13:1 " ... of the hospitality be not forgetful, for through this unawares certain did entertain angels;"
Angels can take on the complete form of humans!
If they were destroyed in the flood, how could they still be in the land later?
Numbers 13:33 "there we saw the Nephilim, the sons of Anak, which come of the Nephilim".
The answer is in Genesis 6:4,
"There were Nephilim in the earth in those days (days of Noah); and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown" (renowned for their ungodliness).
So after the Flood, there was a second folly of these fallen angels (angels are not restricted in travel), smaller in number and limited in area, for the most part confined to Canaan, and were known as "the nations of Canaan".
The one verse that is used against it!
Mark 12:25 "For when they shall rise from the dead (speaking of those resurrected at judgment day), they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven."
There are two key words/points here, marriage and heaven.
First point, "given in marriage" the angels are not to marry, it does not say they are unable to have sex, only that they are not supposed to. What was there sin? "giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh".
Second point, "in heaven" they were not in heaven, but had "kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation", they left heaven.
To those who deny the word of God is to deny God!
For more on fallen angeles;
CHRIST PREACHED TO THE SPIRITS
THE BOTTOMLESS PIT AND LOCUSTS
The Church of God Proclaimed